J Shanghai Jiaotong Univ Sci ›› 2022, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 552-560.doi: 10.1007/s12204-022-2427-4

• Medicine-Engineering Interdisciplinary Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Biomechanical Analysis of a Radial Expansion Mechanism of Intestinal Robot Coupling with Hyperelastic Intestinal Wall

LIU Dashenga,b∗ (刘大生), YAN Guozhenga (颜国正)   

  1. (a. Department of Instrument Science and Engineering, School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering; b. Institute of Medical Robotics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China)
  • Received:2020-12-28 Online:2022-07-28 Published:2022-08-11

Abstract: This paper proposes a new type of radial expansion mechanism by adopting the scissor type telescopic design for intestinal robot to meet the requirements of the intestinal robot’s movement and residence in the intestinal tract. The robot’s maximum expansion radius is up to 25 mm, which can well adapt to the intestinal tract with different diameters. At first, the mathematical model of the scissors-type telescopic mechanism (STM) is established to further study its dynamics characteristics by theoretical analysis and simulation. Then, in order to study the coupling effect between the STM and intestinal wall, the strain-energy function of Fung-type is used to establish the constitutive model of intestinal wall. Moreover, aimed at solving the non-convergence problem caused by the selection of material parameters in general Fung-type model, the restrictions for selecting material parameters were given by using positive definite matrix theory. Furthermore, the motion coupling characteristics between the mechanism and intestinal wall were analyzed by using the finite element method. The result shows that if the expansion radius of the STM exceeds a certain value, the intestinal wall may reach its deformation limit, which means that the maximum rotating angle of the three-claw butterfly disc of STM can be decided based on the maximum deformation stress of the intestinal wall. Therefore, it provides a design basis for formulating a reasonable expansion radius in mechanism control to avoid damage to the intestinal wall.

Key words: radial expansion mechanism, intestinal robot, hyperelasticity, constitutive model, intestinal wall, biomechanical analysis

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