J Shanghai Jiaotong Univ Sci ›› 2022, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 844-854.doi: 10.1007/s12204-022-2430-9

• Aeronautics and Astronautics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Non-Line-of-Sight Multipath Detection Method for BDS/GPS Fusion System Based on Deep Learning

SU Hong1 (苏 红), WU Bozhao2 (吴博钊), MAO Xuchu1∗ (茅旭初)   

  1. (1. School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China; 2. Xi’an Satellite Control Center, Xi’an 710043, China)
  • Received:2020-08-27 Online:2022-11-28 Published:2022-10-13

Abstract: Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) multipath effect is the main factor that restricts the application of global navigation satellite system (GNSS) in complex environments, especially in urban canyon. The effective avoidance of NLOS signals can significantly improve the positioning performance of GNSS receiver. In this paper, an NLOS/LOS classification model based on recurrent neural network is proposed to classify satellite signals received in urban canyon environments. The accuracy of classification is 91%, and the recognition rate of NLOS is 89%; the classification performance is better than that of traditional machine learning classification models such as support vector machine. For BeiDou navigation satellite system/global positioning system (BDS/GPS) fusion system, the least square algorithm and extended Kalman filter are used to estimate the position. The experimental results show that the three-dimensional positioning accuracy after NLOS recognition is improved about 60% on average compared with the traditional methods, and the positioning stability is also improved significantly.

Key words: urban canyon environments, non-line-of-sight (NLOS) multipath, recurrent neural network (RNN), BeiDou navigation satellite system (BDS), global positioning system (GPS)

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