J Shanghai Jiaotong Univ Sci ›› 2022, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 298-306.doi: 10.1007/s12204-022-2442-5

• Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Modification Method of Longitudinal Bow Structure for Ice-Strengthened Merchant Ship

DING Shifeng1 (丁仕风), ZHOU Li1∗ (周 利), GU Yingjie1(顾颖杰), ZHOU Yajun2 (周亚军)   

  1. (1. School of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, Jiangsu, China; 2. Shanghai Rules and Research Institute, China Classification Society, Shanghai 200135, China)
  • Received:2021-02-20 Online:2022-05-28 Published:2022-06-23

Abstract: Merchant ships, which are quite different from icebreakers, usually require the light ice-strengthened bow under the floe-ice condition. According to ice-class B, requirements of China Classification Society (CCS), intermediate frames and thick hull plates are necessary for the ice belt area to resist floe-ice impact. However, due to the limited space, it is not practical to set so many intermediate longitudinals from manufacture point of view. In this paper, a modification method is proposed to solve the problem by maintaining the frame spacing and increasing the plate thickness. The aim is to make sure that the bow owns the equivalent ice-bearing capacity with the original frame spacing. At first, a bulk carrier with ice-class B is used for case study. According to the requirements of the ice class rule, a designed ice thickness is used to calculate the ice load acting on the bow area due to the impact of ice floe. Two structural models are presented to perform the strength analysis under ice load, including the out-shell plate model and the longitudinal model. The results show that increasing the plate thickness is helpful to remove the negative effect induced by enlarging the spacing of the longitudinal. A reasonable curve is presented to modify the bow for the ice-strengthened merchant ship, which shows the relationship between the increase of plate thickness and the spacing of longitudinal. Moreover, a model test of floe-ice–ship interaction is conducted to measure the dynamic ice load, based on which nonlinear dynamic FE analysis is used to verify the presented plate-thickness–longitudinal spacing curve. The results show that the proposed method can be used to improve the ice-strengthened bow structure effectively, which provides theoretical foundation to modify the requirement of CCS’s ice class rule.

Key words: ice-strengthening, ice load, ice model test, nonlinear FE method, ice class rule

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