J Shanghai Jiaotong Univ Sci ›› 2021, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 747-756.doi: 10.1007/s12204-021-2267-7

• Metal Welding Technology •     Next Articles

Influence of Thermal Modification on Al-Si Coating of Hot-Stamped 22MnB5 Steel: Microstructure, Phase Transformation, and Mechanical Properties

WANG Qiongyan1 (王琼燕), LIN Wenhu1,2 (林文虎),LI Fang1∗ (李芳), SHEN Chen1(沈忱), HUA Xueming1 (华学明)   

  1. (1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;2. Center for Adaptive System Engineering, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China)
  • Received:2020-09-10 Online:2021-11-28 Published:2021-12-01

Abstract: The hot-stamped steel with ultrahigh strength is a promising material for the fabrication of automotivecomponents. However, the coating on the sheet surface leads to a softening problem in the welded joint. Instead ofthe costly coating removal process, heat treatment is an economical and effective method for the diffusion process,which can decrease the Al concentration in the coating. In this study, a preheating treatment was carried out onAl-Si-coated 22MnB5 hot-stamped steels for the homogeneity of Al, followed by laser welding and hot stamping.The effects of the preheating on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the laser-welded joints wereinvestigated. With the preheating treatment, the Al-Si coating transformed into an Fe-Al intermetallic compoundand the difference in Al content between the coating and substrate was reduced. The Al content in the weld ofthe specimen with the preheating treatment was reduced, compared with that without the preheating treatment.The amount of δ-ferrite in the weld after laser welding was reduced largely. The distribution of long-bland-likesegregation was changed to a fine and uniform distribution. With the preheating treatment, the tensile strengthof the welded joint was significantly improved and comparable to that of the decoated joint. In conclusion, thepreheating treatment before the welding is an effective method to suppress the formation of δ-ferrite and improvethe mechanical properties of the welded joint.

Key words: hot-stamped steel, laser welding, Al-Si coating, microstructure, mechanical properties

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