Journal of Shanghai Jiao Tong University ›› 2022, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (9): 1128-1138.doi: 10.16183/j.cnki.jsjtu.2022.145

• New Type Power System and the Integrated Energy • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Frequency Control Strategy for Interconnected Power Systems with Time Delay Considering Optimal Energy Storage Regulation

FU Yang, DING Zhiyin(), MI Yang   

  1. College of Electrical Power Engineering, Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai 200090, China
  • Received:2022-04-30 Online:2022-09-28 Published:2022-10-09
  • Contact: DING Zhiyin


Aimed at the problem of large frequency deviation caused by the source load uncertainty and the communication delay in the interconnected power system, a frequency control strategy for interconnected power systems with time-delay considering energy storage regulation is proposed. An interconnected power grid model with time delay which includes a steam turbine generator, a wind turbine generator, and energy storage equipment is established. According to the area control error (ACE), the energy storage device coordinates the steam turbine generator to participate in the frequency control, and the modified particle swarm optimization (MPSO) algorithm is used to optimize the proportional integral derivative (PID) load frequency controller to realize the secondary frequency adjustment, which improves the frequency stability of the load frequency control (LFC) system in a certain time-delay interval. A fractional order PID (FOPID) controller is designed for the energy storage device to adjust the output power and smooth the source load fluctuation. The frequency control performance of the energy storage system is improved to further control the frequency deviation of the interconnected power system. Different working conditions are compared and analyzed on the MATLAB/Simulink platform to verify the effectiveness of the proposed frequency control strategy.

Key words: load frequency control (LFC), energy storage device, time-delay interconnected power system, modified particle swarm optimization (MPSO), fractional proportional integral derivative (FOPID)

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