Journal of Shanghai Jiao Tong University ›› 2021, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (7): 826-833.doi: 10.16183/j.cnki.jsjtu.2020.279

Special Issue: 《上海交通大学学报》2021年12期专题汇总专辑 《上海交通大学学报》2021年“机械工程”专题

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Microfluidic Inertial Switch Capable of Bidirectional Anti-High Overload

ZHANG Runduo, NIE Weirong(), QIU Weixiang   

  1. School of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
  • Received:2020-09-08 Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-07-30
  • Contact: NIE Weirong


In order to realize the stable application of microfluidic inertial switch in the intelligent ammunition fuze system, a bidirectional anti-high overload microfluidic inertial switch is proposed to solve the problem of switch contact instability caused by the mercury droplet separation under high impact. The structures of snake-shaped buffer channel and three-stage capillary valve are designed based on the principle of capillary force applied to the mercury droplet in microchannel. The force state of the mercury droplets in the contraction type and the expansion type of capillary valves is analyzed. The static threshold model of the mercury droplet in the rectangular channel is established. The user defined function (UDF) is used to apply acceleration load to the finite element simulation of the switch. The simulation analysis suggests that under the action of typical forward service drop load and typical reverse service drop load, the mercury droplets can be restored to its initial state without droplet separation, indicating that the switch has a reliable anti-high overload ability. Two centrifugal experiments are conducted to complete the preparation and injection of tiny mercury droplets. The microfluidic switch prototype is used in the impact test of the Machete drop hammer. The results show that the mercury droplet separation does not occur in the switch under the action of typical forward impact load and typical reverse impact load, which are consistent with the simulation results.

Key words: microfluidic inertial switch, micro-acceleration switch, capillary force, anti-high overload

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