Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University ›› 2018, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (11): 1508-1515.doi: 10.16183/j.cnki.jsjtu.2018.11.013

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Analysis and Prediction of Factors Affecting Horizontal Displacement of Foundation Pit Based on RS-MIV-ELM Model

ZHONG Guoqiang,WANG Hao,ZHANG Guohua,QIN Weimin WANG Chengtang,XIONG Junfeng   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China; 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Abstract: In order to predict the maximum horizontal displacement and depth of the inclinometer in the foundation pit, an RS-MIV-ELM model based on rough set attribute reduction, mean impact value and extreme learning machine was proposed. The model was based on systematic analysis and quantification of deformation factors, the attribute reduction algorithm of rough set (RS) and the mean impact value based on the extreme learning machine algorithm (ELM-MIV) were used to remove the redundant factors and small correlation factors respectively. Then, the extreme learning machine (ELM) model was trained by the simplified influence factor set, and the model was used to predict the displacement of other measuring points. Experimental results show that the training speed, prediction accuracy and generalization ability of the proposed model are better than those of the all factors ELM model and the BP neural network model based on the simplest set. The root mean square error or average relative error of RS-MIV-ELM model is about 1/2~2/3 of the two contrast models.

Key words: foundation pit, horizontal displacement prediction, extreme learning machine (ELM), attri-bute reduction, screening influencing factors

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