There exists the subsynchronous oscillation (SSO) instability risk in large-scale photovoltaic(PV) grid-connected systems with series compensation, which is generally explained by the negative damped oscillation theory. In this paper, the inter-photovoltaic harmonics due to maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control are used as the disturbance source and the large-scale PV grid-connected system with series compensation as the forced system. The forced oscillation theory is used to reveal the SSO mechanism of PV power generation based on the interaction between the perturbed MPPT and the series compensation grid-connected system, and verified in the PSCAD/EMTDC simulation platform. The results show that the perturbed MPPT-based PV inverter outputs interharmonic currents to the system due to the modulation coupling on the AC-DC side, which may lead to serious forced SSO problems when the interharmonic frequency is close to the frequency of inherent weakly damped mode of the system, causing a shock to the system stability. The simulation results verify the correctness of the proposed theory.